One of the most important goals in the climate emergency is to lower the emissions caused by the transport sector, the main emitter of pollutants into the atmosphere.
A drastic reduction in private vehicles depends largely on promoting electric vehicles, yet also on shifting towards healthier and even more active mobility, as public transport and bicycles are associated with boosting the low emissions zones. But large infrastructures such as the port and the airport also play an important role in modernising and rationalising the transit of goods and people in order to reduce emissions and protect our health.
The PMMU (Metropolitan Urban Mobility Plan) and other metropolitan plans propose:
- Improving public transport among the metropolitan municipalities without having to go through Barcelona by increasing the availability of interurban buses, facilitating intermodality, etc.
- Reforming the railway network with new lines and better interconnections (promoting a less radial system) and completing the streetcar network.
- Avoiding unnecessary commutes, balancing the supply of jobs – places of residence and promoting remote work and other tools such as teleconferencing.
- Improving the logistics system for transporting goods.
To lower the impact of the port and the airport
The port and the airport emit four times more CO2 than the entire city of Barcelona.
The actions that will be promoted include lowering emissions and promoting renewable energy generation systems in these two areas, speeding up the construction of rail access to the port, promoting the use of rail modes to the airport, studying the elimination of short flights that have an alternative train route and gradually electrifying both infrastructures.